Treffenger's ModelThis model was not developed exclusively for gifted children however the gifted learner is more likely to take full advantage of this style of teaching and learning as they can work at their own pace and at their own level. There are four steps to this model, in which the teacher will gradually step back providing assistance and advice when needed.
Treffinger's description of self directed learning declares that children will learn better if they are fully involved in their own learning. They will become increasingly motivated to learn when they are given more and more freedom to choose whatever activity peaks their interest. (Berger, 2005).
Motivation is an important element as learning depends on students believing that they are competent to learn. Treffinger's (1995) Model of Self Directed Learning is useful for assessing a child's level of self-direction, or independence as it specifies four levels moving from teacher directed through to increasing capability for independence.
(Davis & Rimm, 1994)1. Teacher directed - teacher sets work for student to carry out.
2.Self directed 1 - teacher sets work and students have choice.
3.Self directed 2 - students involved in creating their own options.
4.Self directed 3 - students create choices and self evaluate.
With learning measured in this way, teachers have a better ability to set up a curriculum rich environment that is suitable to meet the needs of the child, and be aware of the children that may need more help with certain activities. "Responsible self-direction of learning does not "just happen"; therefore, it is important for gifted, talented, and creative students to have support and well planned assistance at home and in school building independence". (Treffinger, 1981. p. 232)The main aim of Treffinger's model of self directed learning is for the children to develop...