Techniques used to shape meaning and effect response in raw. NOTE: Me and my teacher created this as a STUDY GUIDE. To help me in the upcomming HSC...

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1.Third person narrative

Although the novel is written in third person, monk effectively positions the responder to crucial moments from Brett's point of view. A good example of this is the prologue which describes Brett's capture by the police phrases such as "busted" "all that alcohol goon to waste" "forget it" and "wrong". Effectively re-create what is going on in Brett's mind. Later in the novel, monk uses this techniques to show the beginning of a change in attitude. When Brett starts to emphases with victims of the crime. "He felt - (the same way people he robbed felt) - no not that - (liar

) NO! (Yes) NO! In this example the bracketed words show the operation of Brett's unconscious.

At other times the 3rd person narrative allows monk to illustrate and comment on Brett's behavior to cleanly show when he is misnterpting people & situations or when he is deliberately changing the truth.

2.Colloquial language style

The novel is composed in colloquial English and stories which leads to authenticity of the characters.


Another technique used by monk represents Brett's individual experiences of the farm. Is verbal imagery, particularly symbolism & metaphor. The heat of Brett's new environment in North - Western N.S.W mirrors the tension & pressure that Brett is feeling. Where as the flood at the end of the story symbolizes the fact that Brett has been cleansed and renewed by his experiences. The case of the paddy wagon of both the beginning and the end of the novel represents the way Brett has been disempowered by his offences. The horse mustering episode shied away at the sight of him. "in much the same way Brett finds it difficult to trust Sam." Brett's mastering of difficult horses is a metaphor for...