Test of effectiveness of fish regulation in Georges Bank
Abstract: Georges Bank groundfish fisheries have been productive for hundreds of years, but their productivity has declined through time because of overfishing Over-fishing due to intensive exploitation is frequently considered as an important factor contributing to the collapse of marine fish stocks. Regulations are made in both US side and Canada side of Georges Bank. Test for effectiveness of these management strategies will be towards the stock rebuilding.
Key words: overfishing; spawning stock biomass; quota management; direct effort control
The Georges Bank is located in the Gulf of Maine. It is an elevated part of the continental shelf that stretches under the ocean from Massachusetts to Nova Scotia. At approximately 240 kilometers long and 120 kilometers wide, it is about the size of the state of Massachusetts. Georges Bank is home to many commercially valuable fish including cod, haddock, herring, flounder, lobster, scallops, and clam.
It is not only the home to more than 100 species of fish, but is also the home to marine birds, whales, dolphins, and porpoises.
Georges Bank, although not having the most productive fishery in the world, is still considered the most geographically accessible of all the fishing banks in the North Atlantic. Laying adjacent to New England's famous seaports, Georges Bank is highly responsible for the development of coastal fisheries in the New England area.
The fishing industry of Georges Bank has lasted for over 400 years and has been identified both economically and culturally with ground fishing. A mixture of bottom-dwelling fishes including cod, haddock, redfish and flounders constitute the groundfish resource. Although Georges Bank groundfish fisheries have been productive for hundreds of years, fish populations keep on declining as fishing technology improved. As fishing gear became more efficient, target species in...