Theoretical Position Paper

Essay by Manuels1999College, UndergraduateA, January 2009

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rTheoretical PositionThe theories of Freud, Adler, James, and Jung are considered classic theories because of their historical significance and comprehensiveness (Nystul, M. S., 2006 p. 202). These men have had a vast influence on the art of counseling (Nystul, M. S., 2006). These psychologists differed on their beliefs of dreams as in many other beliefs. Freud and Jung believed that dreams had a meaning; Alder believed that dreams told how a person was living. Adler's best-known work is The Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology (1923). His dreams and beliefs viewed the personality as being holistic; the conscious and unconscious are not separate. He did not place as much focus on dream's interpretation as did Freud and Jung, although he believed that dreams provided insight into one's lifestyle and social interest. In particular, Adler noted the significance of repeated dreams as keys to understanding life challenges and their unique meaning for the individual (Nystul, M.S.

2006). Alder is best known for his theory of personality. Alfred Adler was neither a terrorist nor a person driven mad by ambition indeed; his individual psychology presents an optimistic view of people while resting heavily on the notion of social interest, that is, a feeling of oneness with all humankind. In addition to Adler's more optimistic look at people, several other differences made the relationship between Freud and Adler quite tenuous. Adler believed that psychologically healthy people are usually aware of what they are doing and why they are doing it (Feist, J. & Feist, G. 2006, p. 205). Adler was an original member of the small clique of physicians who met in Freud's home on Wednesday evenings to discuss psychological topics. However, when theoretical and personal differences between Adler and Freud emerged, Adler left the Freud circle and established an opposing theory, which...