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Thinking and Decision Making
Critical Thinking Introduction
Critical thinking forces one to identifying a problem with a set of decision-making steps. In this situation framing the problem, making the decision, and evaluating the decision plays an important role. There are times that the problem needs to be deconstructed in order to stretch the critical thinking method being used. Critical thinkers use clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, logic, significance, and fairness in gaining purpose in finding the answer (Paul & Elder, 2006). A critical thinker needs to identify the problem that exists and needs to be solved by a series of planned steps: identifying and diagnosing the problem, generating alternate solutions for the problem, evaluating alternates, making a choice, implementing the decisions, and evaluating the decision (Bateman & Snell, 2007). Yet, sometimes the thinking process to the problem needs to be set aside to brainstorm new avenue of thought to gain a better choice for the question.
Critical thinking can branch out to a different series of processes as we explore scientific thinking, emotional thinking, and abstract thinking, we will also show how each process of thinking can be used in the workplace can help develop the critical thinking process.
Science is a branch of knowledge or study dealing with systematically arranged truths and facts (Science, n.d.). The scientific thinker has the ability to explain, relate to, and solve problems. Four major steps are used in problem-solving by the scientific thinker; observation, hypothesis formulation, experimentation, and verification. These steps are known as the scientific method.
The scientific method provides a way to investigate and solve problems. Observation provides the basis for determining the problem to be solved. Critical thinking begins once...