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Individual Ethics Essay


Robin R. Fowler

June 14, 2012

Donna Craft

Theories are formed to display different beliefs, most of the time people agree with a portion of different beliefs rather than the entire concept. Theories are often used to put characters into perspective or to help people figure out who they are and where they belong. The virtue theory, the utilitarianism theory and deontological theory have similarity and differences. These theories also address ethics and morality differently, which makes it more of a challenge to decide which one to go with.

Virtue theory stands on the position that "we become good when we cultivate excellence (virtue) by pursuing the moderate course between excess and defect" (Boylan, 2009). These theories address ethics by challenging whether or not we judge a person by their actions rather than their character. Ethically people are judged by their actions because there are consequences for those actions.

Morally people are judged by their character because it shows the base on which a person is formed. The problem with this theory is a person's ethics constantly will fight with his or her morals trying to decide what is more important.

Utilitarianism "suggests that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group as a consequence than any other alternative does" (Boylan, 2009). Morals teach us to put ourselves last because sacrifice is one of the greatest gifts. Ethics teaches us that we are responsible for our own actions and ourselves. Selfishness is a major part of human nature this theory goes against that. Even though this theory is morally based, it would have to become ethically coordinated to work. This is so because it takes people coming together so there need to be a form...