TOPIC 9: Financial Instability
Analyse the ways in which globalisation has contributed to increased financial fragility.
Questions and hesitations concerning the potential unfavorable effects of globalisation keep growing in many parts of the world. Some parts of Europe are growing persistently skeptical of the idea. "The Polish, for instant have serious concerns regarding the flow of foreign capital. The French and English middleclass are worried about their future stakes as well. In America there are serious concerns regarding the outsourcing of service sector jobs and the criticism of free trade constantly grows. Some analysts describe Japan's advantage in the electronic product sector even worse than the Pearl Harbor attack." It is crucial, taking into consideration the situation, to question the validity and future of globalisation. Due to evidence of potential failure in some parts of the world the criticism of globalisation is anything but irrational.
A conclusion is safely drawn, that since economical depression caused the downfall of globalisation back then, it can certainly be a factor today, as well.
The globalisation of financial markets removed most sources of capital and credit from the regulated national environment and placed them into the deregulated international environment. One lesson of the Great Depression was the assurance that banks were no longer free to make investments so risky that they threatened the savings of average investors and the stability of the financial system. Globalisation created the ability for market forces to become more and more free so as to call the economic shots. They were free of "non market" forces such as unions and the government regulation that had been created for the precise reason of controling the natural tendency of private markets to self-collapse. Modern economic history, by reflecting also aspects from the Great Depression has made one thing clear...