Essay by begoniaUniversity, Bachelor's April 2004

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*"Tourism is the sum of the phenomena and relationship arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, in so far as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity". (Hunziker & Krapf, 1942)

*"Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movements for all purposes, as well as day visitors or excursions". (Institute of tourism, 1976)

*"The tourist industry consists of all those firms, organisations and facilities which are intended to serve the specific needs and wants of tourists". (Leipner,1979: p. 400)

*"Tourism may be defined in terms of particular activities selected by choice and undertaken outside the home environment. Tourism may or may not involve overnight stay away from home". (AIEST and the Tourism Society, 1981)

*"Conception ally, tourism might be seen as an origin-linkage-destination system involving the temporary movement of people from an origin to a destination (or destinations) and usually back home again after at least one overnight stay".

(Pearce D., 1992. Tourist Organizations: p. 4)

*"Tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business or other purposes". (WTO & UNSTAT, 1993)

*"The field of research on human and business activities associated with one or more aspects of the temporary movement of persons away from their immediate home communities and daily work environments for business, pleasure and personal reasons". (Chadwick, 1994: p. 65) Tourist: "a person who travels for the primary purpose of: business (e.g. consultations, conventions and

inspections), other personal business (e.g. shopping, medical or legal appointment or an educational

study trip),