Transcendentalism is the view that the basic truth of the
universe lies beyond the knowledge obtained from the senses, a
knowledge that transcendentalists regard as the mere appearance of
things (Adventures 162). Transcendentalists believe the mind is
where ideas are formed. The transcendentalist ideas of God, man,
and the universe were not all original, but were a combination of other
philosophies and religions.
One of the major questions of philosophy is 'What is the nature
of the universe?' Immanuel Kant was one of the major
Transcendentalists of his time. One of the major questions he asked
was, 'What is knowledge, and how is it possible?' Transcendentalists
believe that one really only knows personal experiences, and that one
can not know the universe which exists. Kant came to the conclusion
that there are two universes, one of experience, called the
'Phenomenal Universe', and the other the 'Noumenal Universe', the
one of reason.
The first is scientific and the other practical (Frost 42).
Transcendentalists think there is a dimension of depth in everything
that exists. They also think the spirit is what controls your physical side
(Halverson 431). Some transcendentalists say the world has no
beginning in time, everything takes place according to the laws of
nature. The same people think there is not necessarily an absolute
Being who causes the world to be (Frost 42). Transcendentalists think
nature is a product of the mind, and without the mind nature would not
exist (Santayana 42). These ideas come from the Romantic traditions
which originated in England. The Romantics believed in spiritual unity
of all forms of being, with God, humanity, and nature sharing a
universal soul (Adventures 208).
Transcendentalists came to the conclusion that good and evil
were things only man could control. Their belief of man is that man...