Transfer of Technology in Developing Country.

Essay by Benkok September 2003

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Like most other developing countries, our country is seeking foreign funded project to help the growing economy. The emphasis is often placed on the need for transfer of technology. The transfer of technology means the transfer of knowledge, and technical know-how. The transfer of technology may be defined as "a process in which a country is free to choose autonomously from among different alternatives of scientific and technological knowledge, those which are best suited to its natural conditions and to its development objective, its capacity for assimilation and its pattern of living". But what has been happening in most developing countries. Is that transfer of technology been effectively implemented through foreign funded project? How can this be best achieved in practice?

Generally, the transfer of technology could be best achieved through via the turnkey method, licensing agreements, patent and trade mark, research and development agreements etc. there various transfer mechanisms contain various technical and managerial participation and assistance from foreign party.

This choice of the mechanisms for technology transfer is related to the national characteristics and culture affinities of the technology country provider and technology country receiver.

A successful in technology transfer is mainly involve many expertise in different field / disciplines. A deep involvement of every party is required.

Generally, there are three essential components that are transferred as below:-

1.Physical Assets

Plant, machinery, equipment, etc.


This includes both technical and commercial, such as engineering design, plant construction, process know how, operation and maintenance method, commissioning method, market characteristics, etc.

3.Human Skills

Specialized skills and knowledge in engineering, marketing, operation, etc.

From these three essential components, the third is the most crucial as the human skills is the knowledge generated by human being through generation.


The human skills and know-how of the...