Diabetes Treatment Basics
The first thing to know about when it comes to treating diabetes is blood glucose levels. The blood glucose level is the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it's also formed and stored inside the body. It's the main source of energy for the cells of the body, and it's carried to each cell through the blood. Glucose gets into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin.
So how do blood glucose levels relate to type 2 diabetes? People with type 2 diabetes don't respond normally to insulin anymore, so glucose stays in the bloodstream and doesn't get into the cells. This causes blood glucose levels to go too high. High blood sugar levels can make people with type 2 diabetes feel sick, so a treatment plan for a person with type 2 diabetes involves keeping their blood sugar levels within a healthy range, while making sure they grow and develop normally.
To do that, people with type 2 diabetes need to:
- eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan
- get regular exercise
- take medicine as prescribed
- check blood sugar levels regularly
Exercise is good for everyone, including people with diabetes. It's also an important part of diabetes treatment because exercise can improve your body's response to insulin, help you lose extra body fat, and get your heart and lungs in good shape. It can also reduce the risk of other health problems, like cancer.
You may be wondering about how exercise will affect your diabetes, but you shouldn't use diabetes as an excuse not to get moving. Most types of exercise are great for people with type 2 diabetes - from walking the...