1. Lyric: subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression.
Matthew Arnold, "Dover Beach"
William Blake, "The Lamb," "The Tiger"
Emily Dickinson, "Because I Could Not Stop for Death"
Langston Hughes, "Dream Deferred"
Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress"
Walt Whitman, "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking"
2. Narrative: nondramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "Kubla Khan"
T. S. Eliot, "Journey of the Magi"
Gerard Manley Hopkins, "The Wreck of the Deutschland"
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Ulysses"
3. Sonnet: a rigid 14-line verse form, with variable structure and rhyme scheme according to type:
a. Shakespearean (English)--three quatrains and concluding couplet i iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg. The Spenserian sonnet is a specialized form with linking rhyme abab bcbc cdcd ee.
Robert Lowell, "Salem"
William Shakespeare, "Shall I Compare Thee?"
b. Italian (Petrarchan)--an octave and sestet, between which a break in thought occurs. The traditional rhyme scheme is abba abba cde cde (or, the sestet, any variation of c, d, e).
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, "How Do I Love Thee?"
John Milton, "On His Blindness"
John Donne, "Death, Be Not Proud"
4. Ode: elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme.
John Keats, "Ode on a Grecian Urn"
Percy Bysshe Shelley, "Ode, to the West Wind"
William Wordsworth, "Ode: Intimations of Immortality"
5. Blank Verse: unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.
Robert Frost, "Birches"
John Milton, "Paradise Lost"
Theodore Roethke, "I Knew a Woman"
William Shakespeare, Macbeth
Robert Frost, "Mending Wall"
6. Free Verse: unrhymed lines without regular rhythm.
Walt Whitman, "The Last Invocation"
William Carlos Williams, "Rain," "The Dance"
Richard Wilbur, "Juggler"
7. Epic: a long, dignified...