Under what conditions should a company be allowed to test its employees for drugs.

Essay by ophof33University, Master's April 2005

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The problem of drug abuse in the United States has been a dilemma of repeatedly rising proportions. The crisis is one, which has as much significance for industry as it does for law enforcement, health and welfare agencies charged with the liability for controlling drug abuse. As indicated by a study done for the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), three of four firms with 100 employees or more may have a drug or alcohol abuse problem. Since these drug and alcohol abuses among employees are affecting some companies, the progress of new legislations and programs have taken place in those corporations. Presently, a number of organizations have adopted laws and programs that require them to implement drug testing among their employees. Nevertheless, many employees and businesses are looking for explanations of such programs as well as the matter of the violations of the civil rights and the classification of whom should be included in such a practice.

Justifications for the drug testing programs are built principally on the possible accountability suits for employee's errors. According to the CSAP, a representative in congress from the State of New York said, "we all know that the drug problem is getting worse and that the drug users in this country are by so called recreational drug or casual drug abusers are who increase the demand for drugs and who are the driving force behind the murders of many innocent people." These leisure drugs are certainly disturbing our society as well as affecting small business and corporations. Employees that are under the effect of alcohol or any illegal drug do not accomplish their job satisfactory. This will have a harmful consequence in the company's productivity as well as its image. For example, American Airlines lost about $19 million because one employee, high on...