APSS 348 Economics and Social Problems
Topic: Unemployment of the Ethnic Minorities in Hong Kong
Student Name: Kwan Hok Kan
Student ID: 10575614D
Lecturer: Mr. Tang Ho Man, Alex Seminar Instructor: Ms. Ho King Yan, Grace
Reasons of unemployment of South-Asian Ethnic Minorities
Cost of Unemployment: Individual cost and Society Cost
Role of Government
Benefits and Limitations allocation of stakeholders
Hong Kong is a developed city in the world and famous with her high GDP, active economic activities and mature economic system. More importantly, it is also a multi-racial society of which 95% are local Hong Kong people and 5% are non-Hong Kong people in other racesÃ¯Â¿Â½.
However, unemployment has been a problem in this Oriental Pearl. The unemployment rate of overall working population in Hong Kong has been floating between 3.1% -8.8%
(Census, 2011)Ã¯Â¿Â½. While it is compared to that of South-Asian ethnic minorities in Hong Kong, it is relatively lower. The unemployment rate of South-Asian ethnic minorities can even hit about 40% (CityU & Unison, 2003)Ã¯Â¿Â½, which seems more serious than local unemployment problem.
In Hong Kong, majority of South-Asian ethnic minorities are from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka. 262,146 (76.6%) of them are working population. Excluding Domestic Helpers, others mainly are Indian (6%), Nepalese (4.7%) and Pakistani (3.2%) (Census, 2006)Ã¯Â¿Â½. They come to Hong Kong because their own countries are not stable and have disrespectful racisms (Ã¥ÂÂºÃ§ÂÂ£Ã¦ÂÂÃ¥ÂÂµÃ¨Â¡ÂÃ¦ÂÂ(Ã§Â§ÂÃ¨ÂÂÃ¥ÂÂª)Ã¦ÂÂÃ¥ÂÂÃ¤Â¸ÂÃ¥Â¿Â, 2006)Ã¯Â¿Â½. Most of them (75.4%) engage in Elementary Occupations like construction workers and security guards. For example, 42.9% of Nepalese are in this group. Their median income (Excluding Foreign Domestic Helpers) is $8500, lower than that of overall Hong Kong working population ($10,000)(Census, 2006)Ã¯Â¿Â½. According to City University and...