THE NEW YORK HERALD
THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT AND MARTIN LUTHER KING Jr.
[Martin Luther King Jr., Emmett Till, Rosa Parks and The Montgomery Bus (above)]
King was an American clergyman, Nobel Peace Prize winner and one of the principal leaders of the United States civil rights movement.
King was born on 15 January 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His father was a Baptist minister, his mother a schoolteacher. Originally named Michael, he was later renamed Martin. He entered Morehouse College in 1944 and then went to Crozer Religious Seminary to undertake postgraduate study, receiving his doctorate in 1955. King was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, a man who ruled off the British Rule from India using non-violent methods.
Emmet Till was a fourteen a Chicago. In 1955 he went to Mississippi to visit his
great uncle and cousins. During his visit, he went to a general store owned by a white man and his wife.
As he left the store, he spoke flirtatiously to the white woman. Some nights later, two white men, the white woman's husband and his brother, came knocking on the door Till was staying at, and asked his great-uncle for till. They abducted the teenager, beat and mutilated him, before
finally shooting him in the head. The got a 70 pound cotton gin, tied it to his neck and disposed him off into the river, leaving him floating in the river. When Till's body was discovered, the two white men were arrested and taken to court to be tried. Although they were guilty and there were enough evidences to convict them, the white judges and juries found them innocent. After the trial, the two white men boasted about their crime. Emmett Till's murder
caught great media attention worldwide, with tens...