The use of contraceptives in Ecuador to sustain population growth

Essay by cheatin101High School, 11th gradeA+, April 2007

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The world population increases by the second, and with no immediate signs of natural population decrease, the need for contraceptives is becoming a necessity, especially in developing countries. The advancements of modern medicine and methods of contraception have become too advanced and complicated for many developing countries, where the population growth problem is the worst. Many countries lack necessary capital to fund projects to educate families on the importance of family planning and use of contraceptives. Government support and culture also serve as obstacles in controlling population growth. Many countries are unwilling to stray from their cultural beliefs in using contraceptive methods, even if it means continuing to have children without means of income to support them. Although Ecuador’s population growth is not yet out of control, its population density has continued to increase. Without proper methods of contraception or family planning, Ecuador could become yet another developing country in desperate need of outside intervention.

Ecuador has a land area of approximately 256 thousand square kilometers, and a population of about 13.2 million people. This means that Ecuador’s population density is almost 48 people per square kilometer, one of the highest population densities in all of South America (ExploreEcuador, 2007). Ecuador’s population density is a large cause for concern because, with so many people living in such a small land area, problems with food supply and sanitation could easily arise. Ecuador’s land area is about the equivalent of the state of Colorado, yet Colorado’s population is approximately one-third that of Ecuador (US Bureau of Census, 2007 and ExploreEcuador, 2007). Ecuador’s birth rate is about five times that of its death rate, with a growth rate of about 2% (ExploreEcuador, 2007). These statistics support the fact that without the widespread use of contraceptive methods to control population growth, Ecuador could become...