Essay by Shoeless_RossUniversity, Bachelor'sB-, January 2004

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In the 1930's, change was a key part of the USSR, as radical changes were taking place in every aspect of peoples lives. In this essay, I will be looking at the extent of the changes that Stalin imposed on the USSR.

The driving force behind all of the changes taking place in the USSR was the second revolution or 'the revolution from above', where instead of the population revolting, the top of the hierarchy implemented the revolution by imposing big changes throughout the country, the major change was the removal of capitalism and the re-introduction of socialism through the collectivisation and industrialisation processes, whereby all production in agriculture and industry was made by the population as a whole in collective factories and farms, with all produce going to the state to be 're-distributed'.

Here I will examine the first set of changes made by Stalin, economic change.

As I have talked about already, the really major economic change was the switch from capitalism back to socialism. Originally the NEP was still in effect as the remains of Lenin's reign at the top, but Stalin disliked this as it was capitalism which went against his beliefs and policies, so he set about modernising the USSR. He put this plan into practice by collectivising the agricultural industry, by claiming state ownership of all rural land and property, then merging several small privately owned farms into a one large collectivised farm, in these farms, everyone in the local area would work together to create a large amount of produce, which would then be sent away to a headquarters for redistribution and for export.

In the industrial sector, socialist ideas were also in place, as in more urban areas, collective factories were established where large scale production took place, similarly...