The Vietnam Conflict and its Effects.

Essay by Raddog October 2005

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The Vietnam conflict began in the late nineteenth century. The

French conquered Vietnam and made it a protectorate. For nearly forty

years, Vietnam had not experienced settled peace. The League for the

Independence of Vietnam ( Viet Minh ) was formed in 1941, seeking

independence from the French. On September 2nd,1945, Ho Chi Minh

proclaimed it independent of France. The French opposed their

independence from 1945 to 1954. The first representatives of de

Gualle's government landed by parachute in Saigon and Hanoi on August

23rd, 1945. The French wanted to reestablish their rule in Vietnam but

were beaten at the battle of Dien Bien Phu on May 7th, 1954. The

French Expeditionary Force tried to prevent the Viet Minh from

entering Laos and Dien Bien Phu was the place chosen to do so. The

French were not very careful and this allowed the Viet Minh to cut off

their airway to Hanoi.

After a siege that had lasted for fifty - five

days, the French surrendered. Ho Chi Minh led the war against France

and won.

After the war there was a conference in Geneva where Vietnam was

divided into two parts along the seventeenth parallel. North Vietnam

was mainly Communist and supported Ho Chi Minh, while the south was

supported by the United States and the French were based there. There

was still some Communist rebels within South Vietnam. These were the

Viet Cong. The South Vietnam ruler was Ngo Dinh Diem who was anti -

Communist. At the conference, Laos and Cambodia became independent


North Vietnam wished to unify North and South Vietnam through

military force. Since the United States feared the spread of communism

in Asia, John F. Kennedy provided economic and military aid to South

Vietman to prevent the takeover by North Vietnam. At...