What has the world come to these days? It often seems like
everywhere one looks, violence rears its ugly head. We see it in
the streets, back alleys, school, and even at home. The last of these
is a major source of violence. In many peoples' living rooms there
sits an outlet for violence that often goes unnoticed. It is the
television, and the children who view it are often pulled into its
realistic world of violence scenes with sometimes devastating results.
Much research has gone into showing why children are so
mesmerized by this big glowing box and the action that takes place
within it. Research shows that it is definitely a major source of
violent behavior in children. The research proves time and time again
that aggression and television viewing do go hand in hand.
The truth about television violence and children has been
shown. Some are trying to fight this problem.
Others are ignoring it
and hoping it will go away. Still others don't even seem to care.
However, the facts are undeniable. The studies have been carried out
and all the results point to one conclusion: Television violence
causes children to be violent and the effects can be life-long.
The information can't be ignored. Violent television viewing
does affect children. The effects have been seen in a number of cases.
In New York, a 16-year-old boy broke into a cellar. When the police
caught him and asked him why he was wearing gloves he replied that he
had learned to do so to not leave fingerprints and that he discovered
this on television. In Alabama, a nine-year-old boy received a bad
report card from his teacher. He suggested sending the teacher
poisoned candy as revenge as he had seen on television the night
before. In California, a seven-year-old boy sprinkled ground-up glass
into the the lamb stew the family was to eat for dinner. When asked
why he did it he replied that he wanted to see if the results would be
the same in real life as they were on television (Howe 72). These are
certainly startling examples of how television can affect the child.
It must be pointed out that all of these situations were directly
caused by children watching violent television.
Not only does television violence affect the child's youth,
but it can also affect his or her adulthood. Some psychologists and
psychiatrists feel that continued exposure to such violence might
unnaturally speed up the impact of the adult world on the child. This
can force the child into a kind of premature maturity. As the child
matures into an adult, he can become bewildered, have a greater
distrust towards others, a superficial approach to adult problems, and
even an unwillingness to become an adult (Carter 14).
Television violence can destroy a young child's mind. The
effects of this violence can be long-lasting, if not never-ending. For
some, television at its worst, is an assault on a child's mind, an
insidious influence tat upsets moral balance and makes a child prone
to aggressive behaviour as it warps his or her perception of the real
world. Other see television as an unhealthy intrusion into a child's
learning process, substituting easy pictures for the discipline of
reading and concentrating and transforming the young viewer into a
hypnotized non-thinker. As you can see, television
violence can disrupt a child's learning and thinking ability which
will cause life long problems. If a child cannot do well in school,
his or her whole future is at stake.
Why do children like the violence that they see on television?
"Since media violence is much more vicious than that which children
normally experience, real-life aggression appears bland by comparison" . The violence on television is able to be more exciting and
enthralling than the violence that is normally viewed on the streets.
Instead of just seeing a police officer handing a ticket to a speeding
violator, he can beat the offender bloody on television. However,
children don't always realize this is not the way thing are handled in
real life. They come to expect it, and when they don't see it the
world becomes bland and in need of violence. The children then can
create the violence that their mind craves.
The television violence can cause actual violence in a number
of ways. As explained above, after viewing television violence the
world becomes bland in comparison. The child needs to create violence
to keep himself satisfied.Also the children find the violent characters on television fun to imitate. "Children do imitate
the behaviour of models such as those portrayed in television, movies,
etc. They do so because the ideas that are shown to them on television
are more attractive to the viewer than those the viewer can think up
himself" (Brown 98). This has been widely seen lately with the advent
of the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers. Young children cannot seem to
get enough of these fictional characters and will portray them often.
Another reason why television violence causes violence in
children is apparent in the big cities. "Aggressive behavior was more
acceptable in the city, where a child's popularity rating with
classmates was not hampered by his or her aggression"
In the bigger cities, crime and violence is inevitable, expected and,
therefore, is left unchecked and out of line.
Much research into the topic of children and television
violence has been conducted. All of the results seem to point in the
same direction. There are undeniable correlations between violent
television and aggression. This result was obtained in a survey of
London school children in 1975.
In Israel 74 children from farms were tested as well as 112
School children from the city of Tel Aviv. The researchers found that
the city children watched far more television than their farmland
counterparts. However, both groups of children were just as likely to
choose a violent program to watch when watching television. The city
children had a greater tendency to regard violent television programs
as accurate reflections of real life than the farm children. Likewise,
the city boys identified most with characters from violent programs
than did those living on the farms.
The government also did research in this area. They conducted
an experiment where children were left alone in a room with a monitor
playing a videotape of other children at play. Soon, things got "out
of hand" and progressive mayhem began to take place. Children who had
just seen commercial violence accepted much higher levels of
aggression than other children. The results were published in a
report. "A Sergon General's report found some preliminary indications
of a casual relationship between television viewing and aggressive
behaviour in children.
In other research among British children it was discovered that
aggression, academic problems, unpopularity with peers and violence
feed off each other. This promotes violent behaviour in the children . The child watches violence which causes aggression.
The combination of aggression and continued television viewing lead to
poor academic standings as well as unpopularity. These can cause more
aggression and a vicious cycle begins to spin.