IntroductionWe negotiate daily. Whether in our personal or professional lives, negotiating is a substantial part of our lives. Wilmot and Hocker say that, "We negotiate to make decisions that are acceptable to everyone concerned" (Wilmot & Hocker, 2007 p. 243). The Wamayo Basin Management and Conservation (WBMC) Department is an entity of the federal government assigned with the task of formulating policies concerning water management, conservation of water, wildlife, and habitat. The Wamayo River and its tributaries merge and flow into the Pacific Ocean. The construction of dams on three tributaries over the past two years encourages hydropower projects and supplies irrigation to farmers. The areas most concerned with the new policy are members of the Salmon Survival Group for salmon preservation, Wamayo Department of Energy for hydropower development, Northwest Timber and Paper Association for logging rights, and the Wamayo Farmers Association concerning area farming (University of Phoenix, 2009).
Successful negotiation among the parties in this scenario will be significant if there is to be a win-win situation for all.
Non-Organizational Conflict IdentificationsOne potential conflict in the scenario is the serious decline in the salmon population over the last 30 years because of commercial activities and the development of the three dams. The dams are equipped with hydropower as a source of energy. Hydropower is an inexpensive and non-polluting energy source that supplies electricity to the region and provides irrigation water to drier regions. Adult salmon swim hundreds or thousands of miles to their spawning grounds. Once salmon leave the ocean, they do not feed and some die from lack of stored body fat. Others are caught in fishing nets or are eaten by predators. Some salmon suffocate in polluted waters. Also, many salmon are killed in the hydropower turbines inside of the dams. (An Upstream Battle, 2000).