Substitution of the word 'believer' for 'soldier' makes the same point for religion in multicultural and religiously diverse societies. In an environment where most of the population is likely to have limited and often distorted impressions of a foreign religion, and where its norms and practices have no overarching plausibility, it is not surprising that the followers of minority faiths undergo crises of identity and belonging. Therefore, in Britain, where there is much antipathy towards Islam from many quarters, the racism many Muslims face mitigates against a sense of being British. This is compounded by the fact that many of the cultural values and customs of the home country may mean little to the third generation of British Muslims.
Many of the younger generations of Muslims have become dissatisfied with the example and preoccupations of some elder members of the community upon what they see as secondary issues. For all this, however, many do not wish to surrender their religious identity, and indeed for many it is a central part of their lives.
Despite the multiplicity of ideologies, other faiths, and cultural groups in society, many young Muslims are looking to their faith as a means of identifying themselves and as a tradition in which they hope to find a sense of belonging.( n15) Young Muslims who are fervently committed to their faith defy the secular, materialistic ideologies that seem to pervade Western society.
the younger generations have begun to challenge the racism directed towards them. The formation of groups such as the 'Guardian Asians' indicate that in some areas constructive initiatives have been undertaken to counter racist attacks. The revival of religious identity among British Muslims has been one of the direct outcomes of racism in BritainFear of Muslims, Islamophobia, takes more quotidian forms as well, of course, embedded in stereotypical assumptions and pronouncements regarding the status of women in Islam, arranged marriages or the inherently fanatical, violent and irrational tendencies of Muslim leaders and their followers Fear of Muslims, Islamophobia, is embedded in stereotypical assumptions and pronouncements regarding selected customs and, above all, the inherently fanatical, violent and irrational tendencies of Muslim leaders and their followers