The city of Warsaw held an extremely large amount of Jews before World War II but the number only continued to rise during the war. When the news of what went on inside the Warsaw ghetto, it gave inspiration to other Jews who were receiving the same discrimination. The Jews were nearly one-third of the entire population of Warsaw and could be found in every part of the city. They had integrated into the city entirely.
The German forces reached the city on September 8th and 9th. Within a few days they had surrounded the city and bombardments from the Germans had begun. The people of Warsaw fought back the siege for three whole weeks. After the Germans had finally occupied Warsaw, the attacks on the Jews began. District Governor Ludwig Fischer decreed many measures concerning the economic affairs of Jews, such as non-Jews leasing Jewish enterprises without obtaining a special permit.
Many of these decrees made it nigh impossible for Jews to go on. Also, Jews were ordered to put all of their money into a bank that would only allow them 250 zlotys per week! These measures put a stop to any economic activity the Jews might have had.
On October 12th 1940, the Jews were told of the decree establishing a ghetto. The creation of the ghetto meant that 138,000 Jews had to take some 113,000 Pole's homes. Nearly 30 percent of the population was forced into 2.4 percent of Warsaw's area. Besides the lack of space, the Jews were deprived of food. They received only 25 percent of the rations for non-Jewish Poles and only 8 percent of what the Germans got. By
November 1940, there had already been 445 deaths in the ghetto and they were sealed off from the outside world.