# Ways in which statistics can be used or misused to assist and mislead us, and how we can determine whether to accept the statistical evidence that is present to us.

Essay by KeirHigh School, 12th grade September 2005

For many years now, people have been using statistics to present data to the masses, and people have been taking these numbers for granted and believing it without any further inquiry. But what are these statistics really? Professor John Deere says "Statistics is a way to get useful information from raw data" I here must emphasize on the word "useful" for different things are useful to different people, it is just like me saying, "it is hot in here" this statement is only speaking for the one who said it. This by it self can trigger an illusion to the one that hears it. It forces a man to see a thing in the way that I want them to see it. Statistics work in the same way, by wording a question differently or even merely changing the tune of your voice when you ask the question or give the results, can change the outcome of what the audiences get out of the survey.

In this essay I will further explore how statistics can be used or misused in different areas of knowledge to assist and mislead us. Then from those I will conclude how we can evaluate the statistical evidence that is presented to us, and I will give examples of problems that are caused by misunderstandings of statistical information.

History:

Statistics are very commonly used to distort our views on Historical events. Governments use statistics religiously to get the loyalty of its people. Let us take China's "Great leap forward" for example, according to a Maoist article. "Western scholars have estimated that between 16.4 million and 29.5 million people died in the Great Leap Forward. (1) It is a common argument that this was due to executions ordered by Mao and the Chinese Communist Party. People who know...