Why Are Boat People Such An Important Aspect Of Australia's Migration Experience?
During the times from 1970's to present there has been a complete change with political policies on migration. Up til the 1970's the policy was one of assimilation: immigrants could quickly become Australian citizens (the waiting period is now only two years), and were expected to adapt to the Australian way of life as individuals.
This policy failed, because trends to labour market segmentation and residential segregation led to a situation of relative separation from mainstream society for many immigrants. The result was ethnic community formation, with members of national groups living together, using their own languages, and establishing associations and economic infrastructure. Since about 1973, successive governments have pursued policies of multiculturalism, which recognise the legitimacy of a multiplicity of cultures within one Australian society.
Not only were there many political experiences but also there were social experiences. One of the most common problem evolving from the arrival of 'boat people'...