"Why Do Boys and Girls Behave Differently"
The question of what influences differences in the two genders is not likely to have an answer in the near future. Each expert has different conclusions. They feel that this question can change the structure of society if it were answered. Both sides feel their opinions are correct. Scientists will have to conduct many experiments before there is proof for either argument.
For example, one expert believes there are several factors that influence different behavior patterns in the different sexes, while another thinks they simply have biologically dissimilar brains. One expert believes the differences in behavior can be attributed to "genetic, biological, and environmental factors." (Mednick and Russo 696) Another scientist, Richard M. Restak, has studied many experiments on behavior and thinks the gender differences can be explained by differences in brain functioning. One opinion is that different behavior by the two gender groups is due to "one's heredity and one's environment."
(695) On the other hand, Richard M. Restak states there are "differences in brain function that are biologically inherent." (694) There are experts who feel that gender behavior is controlled by the brain, and experts who think it is environmental.
In addition, each side thinks the answer to behavior differences would change society in some ways. Martha Mednick and Nancy Felipe Russo are afraid people will use Restak's conclusion to explain why women are underrepresented in some fields of work. However, Richard M. Restak thinks his findings will help to change the education process and give each gender a more even chance at success. Mednick and Russo state "his proposal could not conceivably accomplish what he says he intends." (693) Restak thinks changing the format of many aptitude tests would help to bring about true social equality. (Restak 696) Some...