American Government Research Paper - Women and Gender
The Declaration of Independence written in 1776 stated that 'all men are created equal'. This statement denied women's rights; hence women did not have the right to vote in the US except in the state of New Jersey, married women did not have the right to ownership of property, wages and money, the right to education and professional training. A few women started fighting for the rights of women and this led to the signing of Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions which stated that men and women are created equal.
During the civil war women disguised themselves as men and took part in the war because women were not allowed to fight in war or be involved in political affairs. After 1871, when the law against wife battery was passed and several other changes took place such as women studying courses that were normally dominated by men and women joining the police force.
Starting 1900 several movements for women's rights took place and more notably women's health and sex education. The women were advocating for the use of birth control method which the government had banned in the US. In the First World War women were allowed to join the army but were no longer allowed after the end of the war. However, in 1920 they were again allowed into the army but not with full rights and privileges. In 1920, women finally got the right to vote and the first woman was elected to the senate in1932.
Gender is the relationship between men and women. Men and women are differentiated by a number of characteristics for example, sex and social role. The distinction between men and women results in gender inequality and inequity which eventually affects social structures that shape...