Work Stress

Essay by imran_s13 August 2004

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Work Stress

1.0 Introduction

Throughout the eighties and into the nineties, work stress have continued to

rise dramatically in organizations across North America. The eighties saw

employees stressing out from working in a rapidly growing economy. During the

nineties, beginning from the recession of 1992 till present day, employees are

stressed by their own job insecurities in the face of massive downsizing and

restructuring of organizations in order to be competitive on the global stage.

Work stress is a very extensive topic ranging from research on the sources of

stress, the effects of stress, to ways on managing and reducing stress. This

report will focus first on the evidence for the harmful effects of stress at

work, both mentally and physically. The last section will briefly explain why

management should be concerned with rising employee stress and will describe

some actions management can take to alleviate work stress.

2.0 Harmful Effects of Stress

Most research studies indicate a high correlation between stress and illness.

According to authorities in the United States and Great Britain, as much as 70%

of patients that are treated by general practitioners are suffering from

symptoms originating from stress . Everyone experiences stress, however, each

person responds to stress very differently. Their response is dependent on how

each person reacts to stress emotionally, mentally, and physically. There are,

however, common effects of stress for most people on the physical and mental


2.1 Physical Effects

The researcher Blyth in 1973 identified a list of diseases which have a fairly

high causal relationships with stress. His evidence was obtained through

interviews with medical experts, review of reports by the World Health

Organization and consultations with the J.R. Geigy Pharmaceutical Company. The

following is a list of some of the illnesses Blyth had identified :

1. Hypertension 2.