Stress is a part of everybody's life. Depending on the level of stress, it can control people's lives, especially in the workplace. Employees spend several long hours at work, and thus have less time for other things. Stressed employees may be unhappy and thus produce nominally. Stress can deteriorate social and family relationships and eventually burn them out; ultimately it can take toll on any individual's health. Stress in the workplace can come from many different sources.
The downsizing of organizations has caused a stressful environment. Downsizing has created concerns over job security, and has forced employees to take on a larger workload. Downsizing creates quantitative and qualitative stress. Quantitative stress pertains to doing the same amount of work with fewer people. Reengineering the organization entails shaping the company to be more efficient with fewer individuals. These individuals are asked to do a wider variety of work functions they are not trained to do, causing qualitative overload.
Another source of work-related stress is the rapid changing and sophisticated technology that is being introduced into the workplace. This requires employees to continually to learn and master new concepts, which places them under great stress. Also, work that is repetitious and mundane, boredom will lead to stress and tension. On a physical level, workplace stress has found that it can cause headaches, backaches, eyestrain, neck pain, lowered resistance to infections, high blood pressure, ulcers and heart disease. Emotionally, stress can cause depression, anxiety, listlessness, poor concentration, irritability, and anger.
The cost of these health problems to employees can lead to low productivity, lost work days, worker's compensation claims, and other health care expenses.
Organizations need to recognize stress as a problem and decide whether or not to act upon it.
The article, "Reducing the Huge Cost of Corporate Stress", talks about employers...