World Hunger and Malnutrition Essay
"Every year 13 to 18 million people die as a result of hunger and starvation, 24 every minute, 18 of who are children under five years of age." The authors of Ending
World Hunger represent an estimation of the unfortunate extent of world hunger and its shocking numbers. Hunger Project, an international organization concerned with world hunger, predicts that the number of hunger-related deaths will continue to rise until the end of the century. Hunger is not just the rumbling in ones stomach that most of us feel if we have not eaten for a few hours. Hunger is defined as "a condition resulting from chronic under-consumption of food and/or nutritious food products. It may be precipitated by an inability to obtain sufficient quantities of food to eat or a failure to consume adequate quantities of nutritious food products, regardless of the ability to obtain sufficient food supplies."(Webster's
Dictionary). Hunger is present due to uneven distribution, climate, and poverty.
One may wonder how this can be living in a country were it seems so much food is wasted everyday. Food restaurants and grocery stores throw away food every night before closing. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, 2002, World agriculture produces 17 percent more calories per person today than it did 30 years ago, despite a 70 percent population increase. This amount is enough to provide everyone in the world with at least 2,720 kilocalories per person per day. "Virtually every country in the world has the potential of growing sufficient food on a sustainable basis" (Bread for the World Institute, 2004). So why are people still starving? The answer is unequal distribution. The principal problem is that many people in the world do not have adequate land to grow, or income to...