Essay by PaperNerd ContributorUniversity, Master's February 2002

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SUBJECT : XML WITHIN ORGANIZATIONS Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1.1. Extensible markup language 1.2. Petri nets 1.3. Workflow Management 2. Supply Chains With XML 3. Interorganizational data interchange based on XML 3.1. Interchange of XML Documents 3.2. Uptodate XML Interchange Between Companies 4. Conclusion References 1. Introduction Efficient interorganizational business processes in the field of e-commerce require the integration of electronic document interchange and interorganizational processes: From the document point of view, there is a need for electronically interchanging structured documents and data between the organizations involved. It is esp crucial and highly important when medium and big sized companies which are outsourcing their sub- industries exchanging information. The operating systems and databases of the main company and its sub industries should be compatible with each other while interchanging information. From a process oriented perspective, modeling, analysis, and automated execution of distributed workflows gain more and more importance. Moreover, the advantages of workflow driven electronic document interchange are relevant for the intraorganizational process management, especially with the emerging integration of mass data in databases and document management.

The proposed XML nets, a new kind of high- level Petri nets, are a formal, graphical modeling language that allows to model both the flow of XML documents and the business process.

They are based on GXSL, a graphical XML schema definition language, and the XML document manipulation language XManiLa.

First, I give a brief introduction to XML, Petri nets, and workflow management. In the next section, I present the supply chain management with xml within a big company. Finally, I propose interorganizational data interchange based on XML.

1.1. Extensible markup language The majority of first-generation Web applications served up static content using HTML. But, as commercial and academic use of the Web increased, the need to serve up more dynamic content also grew. Derived from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), the first draft describing XML was created in 1996 by a group within the (W3C) World Wide Web Consortium, which was chaired by Jon...