Essays Tagged: "base pairs"

The structure of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA.

oth are built up of large polymer chains of nucleotides. DNA is much longer than RNA (DNA-1 billion base pairs and RNA - 10,00 bases) but are both long threadlike macromolecules.This basic diagram of ... . The bond used is a strong diester linkage. The strands are sequences of these nitrogen-containing bases. There are 4 different types of bases, adenine (a), guanine (g), thymine (g) and cytosine (c) ...

(3 pages) 106 0 0.0 Apr/2003

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

Viral Engineering.

ed. This virus is relatively small in the genetic sense of the word (only containing a few thousand base pairs) and is known today as the polio virus. Because of its minuscule genetic makeup this viru ... DNA. Since RNA can't be synthetically created in a lab the researchers needed to translate the RNA base sequence into DNA (which can be synthetically made in a lab). With this DNA product the scienti ...

(5 pages) 38 0 4.0 May/2003

Subjects: Science Essays > Biotechnology

Mutation in gene Unc-93 results in apparent muscle defects in C. Elegans.

hn MathewJoshua KistnerDr. LyczakNovember 8, 2002AbstractMutations occur when the base pairs in DNA are altered, and could result in everything from a minor change in phenotype to a ... ntrol in these organisms.IntroductionMutation occurs when a modification takes place in the base pair of an organism's DNA. Cells that undergo such a phenomenon are known as mutant cells (Russ ...

(11 pages) 51 0 5.0 Dec/2003

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

The humane genome project

fy all the approximate 30,000 genes in human DNA,*Determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,*Store this information in databases,*Improve tools for data analy ... ghts infection, and sometimes even how it behaves.*DNA is made up of four similar chemicals (called bases and abbreviated A, T, C, and G) that are repeated millions or billions of times throughout a g ...

(13 pages) 209 0 4.7 Feb/2004

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology > Human Biology

DNA Fingerprinting

ed in different ways. DNA is analyzed using a Southern Blot, which allows scientists to observe the base pair patterns.DNA fingerprinting can be used in a few different ways. First, to find out if the ... he father and the mother. VNTR's are variable number tandem repeats, which is repeated sequences of base pairs. The VNTR patterns are used to determine the father or mother. Next, DNA fingerprinting a ...

(2 pages) 112 1 5.0 Apr/2004

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology > Human Biology

Human Genome Project

sortium in the journal Nature in February 2001, and at the time 90% of the entire genomes 3 billion base pairs were complete. The full sequence was completed and published in April 2003. It was discov ... scribes what these variants are, where they occur in our DNA and how they are distributed in people based on their environment and geographic region. It is stated that the HAP MAP is a critical tool t ...

(2 pages) 29 0 4.3 Jun/2006

Subjects: Science Essays > Genetics & Genome Projects

Cystic Fibrosis - a genetic disorder

s until after they produce a child with CF.The defect gene itself is caused by irregular pattern of base pairs in the CF gene on chromosome seven. There are approximately 250,000 base pairs on the gen ... 250,000 base pairs on the gene (Orenstein, 438). It is therefore easy to see how just a few of the base pairs can be deleted. The disorder is also called the delta F508 defect- the delta ("d") standi ...

(5 pages) 51 1 5.0 Jun/2007

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

The Human Genome Project

e system, which has approximately 30,000 genes. Another goal is to determine the 3 billion chemical base pairs that are the nucleotide sequences of human DNA. And to locate DNA markers at closely spac ... by the parents that make a human offspring what he/she is. Then they are going to make an analysis based on the information that they have. If they reach these goals, a huge burst of new technologies ...

(1 pages) 15 0 0.0 Apr/2001

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

DNA And Society

sks to ensure the stability of life. DNA is made up of 3 components; a phosphate group, nitrogenous base, and a five-carbon sugar. Together these components form nucleotides, which in turn are bound t ... ucleotides, which in turn are bound together forming segments called genes. A gene is a sequence of base pairs coding for a specific trait or characteristic. Essentially DNA is the blue print for life ...

(4 pages) 55 0 0.0 Jun/2001

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

Human Genome Project

ct are to identity major markers on every human chromosome, identity specific markers about 100,000 base pairs apart, and to find the exact sequence of bases for every chromosome in the body. The proj ... used as a template to generate a set of fragments that differ in length from each other by a single base. The fragments are separated by gel electrophoresis in the separation step. And in the base-cal ...

(7 pages) 24 0 0.0 Nov/2001

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

Genome Sequencing

ortance. For example, Mycoplasma genitalium has a complete nucleotide sequence that is only 580,070 base pairs long, and as such, is believed to be the smallest genome of any free-living organism. Bec ... lant or animal in nature. In 1990, a proposal for a new, natural system of organisms was published, based on the rRNA sequencing revolution. The more recent genome sequencing era has supported this or ...

(7 pages) 13 0 0.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

DNA is material that makes up chromosomes that contain the

A is two strands of genetic material spiraled around each other. Each strand contains a sequence of bases, also called nucleotides. A base is one of four chemicals that are adenine, guanine, cytosine ... icals that are adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. The two strands of DNA are connected at each base. Each base will only bond with one other base, as follows: Adenine will only bond with thymine, ...

(1 pages) 411 0 0.0 Feb/2008

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

Human Genome Project

e approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA, determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, store this information in databases, improve tools for data analy ...

(2 pages) 11 0 3.7 Feb/2009

Subjects: Science Essays

Genetics

with the exception of identical twins. Another common use is for heredity. Using the arrangement of base pairs, patterns of the fingerprint of a child and adult can be compared to clarify paternity (N ...

(4 pages) 39 0 5.0 Mar/2009

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology

The Human Genome Project

uman DNA, to understand how we are made better.To determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs (ornl) that makes up human DNA,Store this information in databases; to share this informa ...

(4 pages) 23 0 3.0 May/2009

Subjects: Science Essays > Genetics & Genome Projects

Mitochondrial DNA

s that produce energy for cells. Each individual one is composed of an identical loop of DNA 16,000 base pairs containing 37 genes. Nuclear DNA consists of 3,000,000,000 base pairs and 70,000 genes.Wh ...

(2 pages) 404 0 0.0 Dec/2009

Subjects: Science Essays > Biology