Essays Tagged: "Operant conditioning"

Classical and Operant Conditioning

s learn. Thefirst explanation is known as classical conditioning. The secondexplanation is known as operant conditioning. These two types oflearning are exhibited in our everyday lives through our hom ... ionedstimulus is the sound of the alarm, and the conditioned responseis the exiting of the building.Operant conditioning is an organism's learning anassociation between how it behaves and what happens ...

(3 pages) 235 0 3.0 Feb/1997

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

B.F. Skinners theory of punishment

types of practices and experiences. In this report the main topics will be classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognitive-social learning, and neuroscience and evolution. Every time we do so ... us of the action not occurring again.The two types of conditioning we are covering is classical and operant. Conditioning is learning through repetition of exercises of rewards or punishment to get a ...

(3 pages) 266 3 4.9 Mar/2003

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology > Psychological Theories & Authors

The aquisition of Prejudice

r attitudes, prejudice can be thought of as consisting of three components: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive-social learning.Classical conditioning is a basic form of learni ... tive experience with a specific group, making him or her react negatively when the stimulus returns.Operant conditioning is learning based on consequences. Behaviors are strengthened if followed by re ...

(2 pages) 100 2 5.0 Mar/2004

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Positive and Negative Reinforcers

My ask the class question is in relation to operant conditioning by negative and positive reinforcements. Operant conditioning is the control of ...

(2 pages) 115 0 3.3 May/2004

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

The psychological perspective Of Learning

p between stimuli and responses. The two types of conditioning found are Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning. Learning may occur in different ways. Psychologists have distinguished between ... fear, the conditioned stimulus is the house, and the conditioned response is avoidance of the house.Operant conditioning is the learning process in which the likelihood of a particular behavior occurr ...

(5 pages) 104 0 4.6 Mar/2005

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Classical conditioning VS Operant conditioning

ng environment. Learning is the association between two events together. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning both work with associating events together.Classical conditioningThanks to Ivan ... associations all the time and often do not realize the power that classical conditioning have on us.Operant conditioningUnlike Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning does not need to use the ass ...

(4 pages) 239 1 4.0 Apr/2005

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Classical and Operant Conditioning: A Contrast. Clearly explains both forms of conditioning and contrasts the two.

Though classical conditioning and operant conditioning are both techniques involving learning and the acquisition of behaviors, they h ... decides not to because he remembers that "one time..."Another major type of conditioning is called operant conditioning, and instead of associating two events or stimuli (as in classical conditioning ... ons of a reinforcement or punishment. B.F. Skinner was a pioneer in the field of behaviorism and in operant conditioning, believing that external influences, not thoughts or feelings, shaped behavior. ...

(5 pages) 146 1 4.5 Oct/2005

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Is Psychology a Science?

behaviour in terms of classical conditioning, and Skinner's subsequent attempt to do the same with operant conditioning. Any science must have hypotheses, and indeed test them. This involves making s ...

(5 pages) 188 2 4.1 Nov/2005

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

A look at psychological conditioning.

tioned response. Another good example is Watson's experiment, where he taught the baby to fear mice.Operant conditioning is learning in which voluntary responses are controlled by their consequences. ...

(1 pages) 42 2 2.8 Dec/2005

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Health & Medicine

Association of Drugs with Pleasure.

with drug use to feelings of discomfort and disgust whenever he thinks of drugs. This differs from operant conditioning because his behavior with the associated stimulus (drugs) was not strengthened ...

(1 pages) 10 0 4.0 Mar/2006

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Health & Medicine > Drugs

Operant Conditioning

Operant conditioning is a very difficult subject to talk about. I say this because of all the differ ... e thing that they do from the moment that they wake up to the moment that they go to sleep is do to operant conditioning. Either from others or from themselves it was learned from their consequences. ... olled. By the end of this journal I will find out which side of the extremes I am closer too.I used operant conditioning to modify the behavior of my pet cat named Jingles. My cat adopted the behavior ...

(2 pages) 80 0 1.0 Sep/2006

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

B.F. Skinner

ed as a result of the organism responding to, or operating on, its environment, and coined the term operant conditioning to describe this phenomenon. He did extensive research with animals, notably ra ... n which he proposed the widespread use of psychological behavior modification techniques, primarily operant conditioning, in order to improve society and increase human happiness, as a form of social ...

(3 pages) 137 0 4.0 Sep/2006

Subjects: Humanities Essays > Philosophy

Applying Theories of Human Development

Skinner was primarily concerned with how ones environment controlled their behavior. He wrote about operant conditioning, which stated that we were likely to repeat behaviors that were positively rein ... ased on consequence. This meant that human behavior could be controlled based on what we reinforce. Operant conditioning techniques, Skinner said, could be used to modify behavior. This theory is prob ...

(6 pages) 218 1 4.2 May/2007

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology > Psychological Theories & Authors

Theory Essay (B.F.Skinner And Jerome Bruner)

based on the two theories by Jerome Bruner and B.F. Skinner. In this essay B.F.Skinners' theory on Operant Conditioning is compared to that of Jerome Bruners' theory on cognitive learning. This state ... or satisfaction. The theory also covers punishments that result in the fall of undesired reactions.Operant conditioning has been widely applied in clinical settings as well as teaching and instructio ...

(2 pages) 76 0 3.0 Nov/2001

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Autism: an observation of an autistic child and the creation of learning environment.

al stimuli.Branches of behaviourism have aided our understanding of how people learn. Classical and Operant Conditioning are just two of these branches.I will now explore these theories further.Watson ... ace, background, talents or preferences.B.F Skinner (1953) proposed a branch of behaviourism called operant conditioning. This theory suggested that desired behaviour in a subject can be achieved thro ...

(11 pages) 183 0 2.5 Aug/2007

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology


ng this phenomenon. Is this a conditioning (is the individual behaving because of past classical or operant conditioning), a motivational process (from an internal state of arousal), or is there some ... l conditioning states that biological responses to associated stimuli energize and direct behavior. Operant learning states the primary factor is consequences: the application of reinforcers provides ...

(46 pages) 524 0 2.3 Nov/2008

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

Cognitive Psychology

tury with his interest in child thought, B.F. Skinner in the mid 19th century with his language and operant conditioning, or even Noam Chomsky who disputed B.F. Skinner's theory a few years after. Wha ... particular situations helping the understanding of the mental process. From Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, even to Experimental cognitive psychology. These all and some play a part in t ...

(5 pages) 146 0 5.0 Mar/2009

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology

The Process of Learning

cement of behaviors shape or control what is learned. Pavlov's classical conditioning and Skinner's operant conditioning are two behavioral theories prominently used today by those who believe learnin ...

(3 pages) 86 1 1.0 Sep/2009

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Education

What is Humanistic Psychology and why is it called the third force in Psychology?

Skinner, for example, demonstrated how animals can learn by reinforcement with his invention of the operant conditioning chamber (colloquially known as a 'Skinner box'). The box included a loudspeaker ... , he managed to train pigeons to play table tennis (4). While Skinner was successful in showing how operant conditioning can influence our behaviour, John Broadus Watson and Ivan Pavlov were equally a ...

(7 pages) 102 0 4.0 Nov/2009

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology


y of behaviour."There are two different schools of conditioning, the classical conditioning and the operant conditioning. We will get to those schools later on in detail, but first, let us examine and ... eresting modification to classical conditioning through his own findings, and this became known as "operant conditioning". According to Skinner, "An action taken by a person or an animal often has con ...

(9 pages) 17 0 0.0 Mar/2012

Subjects: Social Science Essays > Psychology