Abraham Maslow

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorCollege, Undergraduate June 2001

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Part I: Abraham Harold Maslow was born on April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. As a young boy Maslow became a very lonely boy and found his refuge in books because his parents enforced nothing but academic success. To satisfy his parents he first studied law at the City College of New York. After he finished college he married his first cousin Bertha Goodman. They had two daughters. They moved to Wisconsin so that he could attend the University of Wisconsin. Here, he became interested in psychology, and his schoolwork began to improve dramatically. In 1951, Maslow served as the chair of the psychology department at Brandeis for 10 years, where he met Kurt Goldstein, who introduced him to the idea of self-actualization, and began his own theoretical work. He spent his final year in semi-retirement in California, until June 8, 1970 he died of a heart attack after years of ill health.

Part II: Abraham Maslow's theory the hierarchy of needs states that people will strive to full fill progressively higher levels of needs and are constantly motivated by the needs, which is diagrammed on pg.5. Maslow established a hierarchy of five levels of basic needs, the person does not feel the second need until the demands of the first have been satisfied, nor the third until the second has been satisfied, and so on. The first need is physiological this includes things such as food, water, and oxygen. This need is one of the strongest motivators. This need has two unique features: 1) it can be completely or overly satisfied, and 2) it is a reoccurring need.

The next step in the hierarchy is the need for safety. After our physiological needs have been met, we are now motivated by our desire and need for safety.