Abul Pakir Jainul Abideen Abdul Kalam

Essay by shaheen13356College, UndergraduateB+, September 2012

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Abul Pakir Jainul Abideen Abdul Kalam popularly known as Missile Man is the President of India. The nation knows him as a nuclear scientist and the father of India's successful missile programme.

As a defense scientist he got Bharat Ratna for his great success in Agni, Prathvi, Akash, Trishul and Nag missiles research. Our nation is proud of him because he brought fame to nation in missile power and challenging researches.

Dr. Kalam has the distinction of working with Indian scientists as Vikram Sarabhai and Santosh Dhawan from whom he got ideas and inspirations. The swearing-in ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhawan was notable for the fusion of thoughts of the scientist and the head of the State, who called for a national movement to empower people to be "poverty free, healthy and literate."

A.P.J. Kalam was born in 1931 at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He was the son of a little educated boat owner, named Jainulabedeen Ashiama.

He always used to eat South Indian dish rice, sambhar and coconut chutney on banana leaf.

He did his schooling in Ramanathapuram district, for college he moved out of the district and studied in St. Joseph's college in Triuchirapalli and did his diploma in Engineering from Indian Institute Technology, Chennai. He started his career with DRDO in 1958 and five year later went to ISRO where he became the Project Director of SLV.

He led India's first satellite launch vehicle-'Rohini' which successfully lifted in 1980. With this he realised that SLV technology could have military applications in the form of missile. He then became Programme Director to launch Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.

In his 14 year work span as Director of Defence Research and Development Laboratory, he developed up Prithvi, Agni, Trishul, Akash and Nag. He completed the long delayed 'Arjun' tank...