Affirmative Action

Essay by C.SmithHigh School, 12th gradeA+, January 1997

download word file, 1 pages 4.4 1 reviews

In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard

University that required federal contractors to undertake affirmative action

to increase the number of minorities that they employ. He wanted to ensure

that minorities were recruited to have real opportunities to be hired and

then eventually get a promotion.

In 1969, the Department of Labor exposed widespread racial discrimination of

the Construction Department so President Richard M. Nixon decided to

encorporate a system of 'goals and timetables' to evaluate federal

construction companies according to affirmative action. This idea of 'goals

and timetables' provided guidelines for companies to follow and comply with

affirmative action regulations.

During the presidency of Gerald R. Ford, he extended affirmative action to

people with disabilities (3) and Vietnam veterns (4) but there were no goals

or timetables for these two groups. This type of affirmative action required

recruitment efforts, accessability, accommodation and reviews of physical and

mental job qualifications.

President Jimmy Carter consolidated all federal agencies that were required

by law to follow the affirmative action play into the Department of Labor.

Before Carter did this, each agency handled affirmative action in its own

individual way, some were not as consistant as other agencies were. He

created the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program (OFCCP) in 1978 to

ensure compliance with the affirmative action policies.

Affirmative action began to go downhill when Ronald Reagan and later George

Bush came into office. Affirmative action lost some gains it had made and was

mor or less ignored by the Republicans in the White House and in Congress.

Affirmative action was silently being 'killed' by our federal administrators.

But among this destruction there was one positive aspect, the passage of

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (5).

Finally to the Presidency of Bill Clinton. The Republicans are...