All about Rosa Park

Essay by deathawaitsu January 2004

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The History Of Rosa Parks-

Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. She is often referred to as the "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement". Her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a bus triggered the 1955-1956 Montgomery bus boycott and set in motion the test case for the desegregation of public transportation.

Rosa Parks was the granddaughter of former slaves and the daughter of James McCauley, a carpenter, and Leona McCauley, a rural schoolteacher. She grew up in Montgomery, Alabama, where she attended the all-black Alabama State College. In 1932 Parks married Raymond Parks, a barber.

In the early 1950s Parks found work as a tailor's assistant at the Montgomery Fair Department Store. She had a part-time job working as a seamstress for Virginia and Clifford Durr, a white liberal couple who encouraged Parks in her civil rights work. Six months before her famous protest, Rosa Parks received a scholarship to attend a workshop on school integration for community leaders at the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle, Tennessee, and spent several weeks there.

What Rosa Parks Did?

On December 1, 1955, Parks took her seat in the front of the "coloured section" of a Montgomery bus. When the driver asked Parks and three other black riders to relinquish their seats to whites, Parks refused (the others complied). The driver called the police, and Parks was arrested. That night she was released on a $100 bond.

On the evening of December 5, several thousand protesters crowded into the Holt Street Baptist Church to create the Montgomery Improvement Association. What was planned as a day-long bus boycott swelled to 381 days when the District Court ruled declaring segregated seating on buses unconstitutional, a decision later upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court.

After What She...