The American Revolution

Essay by joshparselsCollege, UndergraduateA+, March 2009

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Joshua Parsels

HIS440 American Wars

2 February 2009

The American Revolution 1775-1783

War Aims

Unfortunately for the British, the end of the French and Indian War would not be the last of the conflict in the British-American Empire. Following the resolution of the French and Indian war, Britain expected the colonies to contribute financially in order to pay for the protection that the British provided. The annual expense for this protection was approximately £200,000.� In order to reclaim spent funds, Britain would enact a serious of taxations that led to disloyalty, distrust, and eventually rebellion. This rebellion would later become known as the American Revolution, which lasted from 1775 until 1783.� At the onset of the American Revolutionary War, the colonists and the British did not exactly have opposing war aims, as you would find in most conflicts, but rather war aims that were different completely in nature. But as the war moved forward, the war aims of both the colonists and the British evolved, eventually converging.

In mid-1775, most colonists believed that the conflict at hand was for representation and conciliation of their grievances, not for complete independence from Britain. But by the first years end, many had shifted their view.� Alan Brinkley gives three reasons for this: First, the financial cost and the loss of human life was much higher than anticipated, therefore a more drastic outcome was required for the war to be justified. Second, the British began recruiting mercenaries, slaves, and Indians to fight, which completely outraged most colonists. And third, many colonists had come to believe that the British government could not be forgiven for the rejection of the Olive Branch Petition. The Olive Branch Petition in July 1775 was the colonists' last plea with the King of Britain for reconciliation, proclaiming that colonists...