An Analysis of Jonathan Swift

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorCollege, Undergraduate February 2008

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Rhetoric 1b 10/22/1999 An Analysis of Jonathan Swift and Martin Luther King Jr.?s Stylistic Devices In a satirical essay, Swift uses Rogerian strategy along with other rhetorical tactics such as specific diction, nuclear emphasis, and multiple double meanings to effectively surface the horrific treatment of the Irish by the English aristocracy. Rogerian strategy focuses on the ?open exchange of ideas directed toward mutual understanding? with emphasis on conceding certain points to gain an understanding of the opposition and in doing so gain ground rather than losing it through a hostile exchange of right and wrong (Cooper/Patton 70). Swift carefully organized his essay so the audience, the English Aristocracy, would not recognize it as satire and dismiss it right away. Swift begins with a quasi-believable tone, one of an economist trying to solve a problem. The current ?deplorable state of the kingdom? calculated by Swift consists of one hundred twenty thousand children who need to steel and beg just to remain alive (Swift 298).

Many before him tried to provide useful solutions but failed. The Irish now left with nothing but what the English give them suffer mass oppression, the real issue Swift wishes to address.

Swift establishes a mutual understanding with the English from the beginning, an essential part of the careful construction in his essay. He cannot let on the essay will take a dramatic turn after the flip of the second page. Swift does this because he wants to give the impression that he shares the same views on the current condition of the kingdom. He wants the English aristocracy to identify with him and his views. When he states ? I think it is agreed by all parties?? in the second paragraph and in the fourth ?As to my own part?maturely weighed the several schemes of other...