ancient egypt

Essay by rodneyboiCollege, UndergraduateC+, June 2014

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Professor Martin

Afarm 30


Egypt ( a country in north Africa) is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Egypt is said to have gotten its name from the Greek word "Aegyptos" which was the Greek pronunciation of the Egyptian name "Hwt-Ka-Ptah". That name means "the house of the spirit of an early Egyptian god named Ptah". In earlier times Egypt n also had another name "Kemet" which meant black land; Egypt was given that name because of the dark soil along the Nile river where the first settlements began. E4arly Egypt was best known for being culturally advanced in all aspects of human knowledge and had great influence in the building of other civilizations.

In the early dynasty period there was a conjoining of the north and south kingdoms under the demand of the pharaoh of the south who took control of the north. After the conquest of the north trade increased highly and this caused more detailed mustaba tombs that were developed in burial practices that also had more elaborate mummification techniques.

Starting in c.2686 though c.2181 architecture developed at a fast rate and some of the most famous monuments in Egypt were created like the pyramids and the great sphinx of Giza. The first pyramid with steps was created in Saqqara c. 2630 under the pharaoh Djoser. The design however came from his chief architect and physician Imhotep, who also was said to have written one of the first medical texts with treatments for over 200 diseases. The Great Pyramid of Cheops, last of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure were also constructed during this time. Scientist say that the great pyramid of Giza should not exist because it s design was too advanced to be...