Ancient Eyptian Religion.

Essay by oliv3University, Bachelor'sA, August 2003

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? Egyptian Mythology ( religion of Ancient Egypt )

- Dominating influence in their culture's development

- Based on an unorganized collection of ancient myths, nature worship, innumerable deities

? Creation ( Based on the Egyptian belief )

- Only the ocean existed at first

- Ra, the sun, came out of an egg ( a flower, in some versions ) that appeared on the surface of the water

- Ra's four children: gods - Shu and Geb; goddesses - Tefnut and Nut

- Shu and Tefnut: became the atmosphere; they stood on Geb, who became the earth, and raised up Nut, who became the sky.

- Ra: over-all ruler

- Geb and Nut's two sons: Set and Osiris; two daughters: Isis and Nephthys

- Osiris: succeeded Ra as king of the earth; helped by Isis, his sister-wife

- Set: hated his brother and killed him

- Isis: embalmed Osiris' body with the help of the god Anubis

- Anubis: god of embalming

- Isis: resurrected Osiris through powerful charms

- Osiris: king of the netherworld ( land of the dead )

- Horus ( son of Osiris and Isis ) defeated Set in a battle and became king of the earth

? Local gods

- Each local temple possessed its own:

? Ennead: a group of nine divinities

? Triad: divine father, mother and son

- Origin of local deities is obscure:

? Some were taken from foreign religions

? Some were originally animal gods of prehistoric Afric

- Some important divinities:

? gods:Amon





? goddesses:Hathor




? Iconography

- Egyptian gods were represented with human torsos and human/animal heads

- Examples:

? Ra - head of a hawk ( swift flight across the sky )

? Hathor ( goddess of love and...