Annotated bibliography on parole and probation

Essay by spiritladyUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, February 2005

download word file, 3 pages 3.7

Downloaded 145 times

Annotated Bibliography

Fulton, Betsy, Amy Stichman, Lawrence Travis, and Edward Latessa. "Moderating Probation and Parole Officer Attitudes to Achieve Desired Outcomes." Prison Journal 77.3 (1997): 295-313. CECybrary. ProQuest Database. Allentown Business School, Center Valley, PA. 7 July 2004 . This study was an assessment of the role preferences of probation and parole officers and the conflict between control and treatment. It was determined that organizational philosophy is a determinate on officers' attitudes and preferences. Specifically, the authors' focus was on offender outcomes of two polar intensive supervision programs. It was determined that the law enforcement, surveillance-oriented approach was not effective in reducing offender recidivism. In contrast, effective intervention aimed at assistance, problem resolution and treatment demonstrated a significant reduction in recidivism. Findings concluded that officers need stronger and more comprehensive training to focus on rehabilitative functions and strategies in light of its affect on offender recidivism. As applied to this research prospectus the study directs inquiry and suggests the need for entry-level training in treatment and rehabilitative strategies for probation and parole officers.

Lowry, Kevin D. "United States probation/pretrial officers' concerns about victimization and officer safety training." Federal Probation, 64.1 (2000): 51-55. CECybrary.

EBSCOhost Database. Allentown Business School, Center Valley, PA. 7 July 2004 . Lowry describes the shift in role and activities, from social work to law enforcement. This study on U.S. Probation/Pretrial Officers presents a claim that subjects under supervision have become more dangerous and training safety issues have become major concerns. The research involved a national survey of officers and a measured comparison of the type and frequency of officer victimization, officers' concerns for personal safety, their satisfaction with training methodologies and equipment, ideological orientation and high-risk activities performed. The study hypothesized that training would reduce victimization and that law enforcement ideology and...