The Antebellum period. Speaks of what was happening in pre-Civil War time, reasons for the war, and differences between the Northern, and Southern states

Essay by Stan GiacaloneA+, February 1997

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The purpose of this essay is to show what was happening in pre-Civil War time. To show the reasons for the war. To show the differences between the Northern, and Southern states.

The antebellum period started with the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was brought to the United States by Samuel Slater from England in the late 18th century. He was a textile worker who actually founded the American cotton textile industry.

This revolution was when three major changes happened to the United States. These changes are the change of, machines to do the work of hand tools, the use of steam as power, and the adoption of the factory system.

The revolution effected the eonomy through the change from a housing economy, which means an economy in wich the production of food and other necessary itemsby a family for only personnel use, to a market economy, wich means the production of food and other goods and services are used for cash sale often in a distant market.

Some of the inventions during this revolution are, Samuel Hopkin's new kind of fertilizer ingredient in 1790. Also in 1790 was Slater's invention of the spinning mill which was made in Pawtuckett, Rhode Island. Eli Whitney's cotton gin was invented in 1794. His idea was stolen and copied by others even though it had a patent. His reason's for this invention was to produce enough cotton to meet the demands of England's newly invented spinning and weaving machine. Also in 1794 was the creation of the Lancaster Turnpike, which linked Lancaster to Philadelphia. In 1807 Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont made it's maiden voyage on the Hudson River, traveling from New York City, New York to Albany, New York. In 1816 in Philadelphia, tested street lights earlier, Baltimore, Maryland becomes first city to...