AP Euro dbq

Essay by michaelburgerHigh School, 10th gradeB+, December 2014

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Michael Burger 11/3/14 Period 1

Scientific Revolution DBQ

During the the 16th and 17th century, scientists and astronomers in Western

Europe developed controversial and revolutionary ideas about the Earth. The Scientific

Revolution was an exciting era, filled with people ahead of their time making radical

conjectures about the very core of our existence. However, while challenging common

belief and re evaluating society's knowledge of the Universe, these scientist's studies

did not go unchallenged. Nobles and high ranking members of society rejected their

transcendent theories, while others supported the movement. Our current

understanding of the world endured many deeply human trials and tribulations, with

social, religious, and political factors shaping the modern pursuit of science.

Science's journey to becoming influential in our current lives began with the

revolution initially being questioned and rejected by society. People were afraid of what

these new and alien beliefs would do to their view of their world. Francis Bacon, an

English philosopher, believed that science should be used solely to provide humanity

with "new discoveries and powers"(Doc 4). He was lobbying against the Nobility's

interference with learning, criticizing their prioritization of social gain over the

enlightenment of the human race. This social struggle is evident in a letter from Marin

Mersenne, a French Monk and philosopher, to his noble patron. He tactfully pleads to

his benefactor to publish his book without revision, carefully insisting that his beliefs are

indeed true. The patron is the only way that his scientific work will see the world, and

Mersenne desperately needs him in order for his ideas to have impact. He writes from

a stance of being at his patron's mercy, aware that his fragile ideas hang in the balance

of the publisher's whim. Henry Oldenbury, Secretary of the English Royal Society,

wanted philosophers and scientists to be...