Appreciation of Music Class Notes

Essay by claggetttUniversity, Bachelor's August 2004

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Appreciation of Music Notes

Pitch: highs and lows of the sound

Octave 2:1 ratio of vibrations

Western music divides in 12 pitches

Distance between notes: intervals

Scales: Chromatic (12) Major/Minor: (7)

Melody: 1 note, Harmony: 2 or more notes

Pitch notation: five line staff, round note

heads first 7 letters of alphabet, sharps and flats

Duration: length of sound in time

Beat: steady, regular pulse

Subdivision of beat: shorter rhythems within beat

Accent: added to notes,

Synocopation: accents that arent expected

Tempo: speed of beat (italian)

Rhythmic notation: note head stem, flag, beam

Dynamics: volume

Notations of dynamics

Gradual dynamic changes

Timbre: quality of sound (tone color)

Overtones series, ears fooled, think only one pitch

Actually hearing many, different instraments

Bring out different over tones (in terms of volume)

Style period: historical periods with similar compositional traits

Prehistoric: circa (around) 500 B.C.E, functional music,

voice and percussion first instraments

Ancient: 500B.C.E.-450

C.E, rise of ancient greek city states (athens)

Functional, used at weddings, funerals, religious ceremonies

Religious CeremoniesL 9 goddesses, Muses- origin of music

Cult of Apollo, string instrament, origin of lyre

Cult of Dionesis: wind instrament (aulos)

Pathagerous discovers perfect ratio (octave)

Music of spheres (music=math)

Doctrine of Ethos- bravery, fear, etc.

Scales- octave divided into 7 notes called modes.

(Ionian, Lydian, Aeolian, etc.)

Melodic Texture: monophonic - one thing happening

Homophonic- more than one thing happening

Middle Ages: 450-1425 C.E. Called medieval ages ,dark ages

Concept of form originated. How to graph it.

A) Sacred music: catholic church, professional

Composers/musicians= monks, priests

A cappella: voice only, instraments were devils music

Plainchant: Gregorian chant- codified by Pope Greg. 1 (600)

Sacred text, a cappella,, Mediveal modes (old greek modes) monophonic texture

Hildegard of Bingen: Nun, composer, romantic chant

Thoughroughly Composed: continually new music

Perotin: Priest, notre dame, greatest four...