Approaches to Clinical Psychology

Essay by Shawn1969College, UndergraduateA+, January 2010

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COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL APPROACHCognitive-Behavioral Therapists are those individuals who believe that the facts gained from an interview with someone who has entered into their counseling sessions either individual or group therapy are the basis for the evidence that supports the cognitive behavioral approach to psychotherapy. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is "evidence based, which means that it is supported by research that proves it is effective in helping people make emotional and behavioral changes" (NACBT, 2009).

The first traces of the philosophy of CBT can be found in the early writings of Marcus Aurelius and Epictetus who wrote that "men are disturbed not by things, but by the view which they take of them" (NACBT, 2009). The first documented case of the history of CBT is found in the workings of Albert Ellis a holder of a PhD in the 1950's who designed the concept of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). REBT is used in family and individual therapy to try to re-train the clients to learn to discover the root of their problems and find ways in which to alter their behaviors and attitudes to improve their outlook on life.

"REBT is an action-oriented psychotherapy that teaches individuals to examine their own thoughts, beliefs and actions and replace those that are self-defeating with more life-enhancing alternatives" (Albert Ellis Institute ).

The goals of CBT are to teach individuals to look into their emotional and cognitive functions to learn where their problems lie and how they can best begin to fix the problems themselves with the help of his or her therapist s advice and guidance. One of the main techniques that is used in CBT is to teach individuals that their self-defeating attitudes are the ones that cause the most emotional and psychological upset because of the ways in which people look at...