Approaches to Management and Leadership

Essay by Fishes06University, Bachelor'sA, April 2009

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One of the most important functions of an organisation is the management. Without this function or department there will be no rules, procedures, discipline, motivation, culture and so on. The principles of management and leadership will be divided into a number of sections to be analysed in detail. Most of these theories and styles will be related to TGI Friday's for a wider discussion and explanation.

Management StylesManagers have to perform many roles in an organisation and how they handle various situations will depend on their style of management. A management style is an overall method of leadership used by a manager.

There are three management styles in an organisation: autocratic, democratic and consultative.

Autocratic style is the type of management where there is only one person in charge that has total control. The employees are expected to carry out the set tasks exactly as specified. Employees are told exactly what, when and how work is to be carried out.

Opinions and task aren't shared between any other workers so motivation is quite low. There are organisations that employ people who have little ambition. The workforce will not need to be skilled for their job, so motivation will not be essential. The manager will be the decision maker.

A democratic style of management has many advantages as it motivates employees through job satisfaction and team spirit. It makes them feel valued if they are taking part in decision-making, and this will help the organisation to achieve its objectives. There is more contact between managers and its workforce. They will be able to get to know each other and this could lead to them being able to work better together if they socialise. However, there are disadvantages to this type of management style. Consulting the workforce can be time consuming which...