The argument of the bourgeoisie vs. the working class in Marx's "The Communist Manifesto"

Essay by amanda67 January 2006

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An Inevitable Outcome

Published in the time of European revolution, the "Communist Manifesto" was considered the bible of socialism. This essay was written by Karl Marx, one of the most influential thinkers and writers of modern times as a cry for all those, who favor a communist world, to stand up and unite. The "Communist Manifesto" was published in 1848 and clearly explained the theories behind socialism. Marx argued that the society created by the bourgeoisie is so powerful and out of control that it can no longer be managed, ultimately leading to the overthrow of the ruling bourgeoisie society and the beginning of the proletariat society.

With the rise of modern history, society was split. In the time of Marx, self interest began to take over the community and the proletariat population was being greatly exploited due to the rise of production. Industry was taking over as the road to happiness for many people; to be successful was to be richer.

The proletariat, the oppressed working class, was controlled by the bourgeoisie and used for industrial production. They had no means of production of their own and were reduced to selling their labor power in order to live. As the bourgeoisie's economic conditions improved, the proletariat's economic conditions deteriorated. Marx presents many criticisms of the bourgeoisie. He states that due to the oppression, the community's soul is lost; everyone loses their identity in becoming a worker, eliminating the unique professions of lawyers, poets, or artists. People begin to lose their family relations, feeling compelled to conform and attempt to move up in society. Everyone learns to look out only for the good of themselves. However, Marx believed that the bourgeoisie were their own gravediggers. As they became more and more powerful, the proletariat became weaker and weaker, eventually...