Arguments for and Against Abortion

Essay by mexwonderCollege, Undergraduate June 2008

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Human Biology




Over the last several years, the topic of abortion has been extremely controversial in regards to biological ethics. There are several arguments both for and against one's choice to abort an unplanned fetus. Many of these arguments are covered in the following paragraphs.

There are many arguments by pro-choice activists who support one's choice in deciding to abort an unborn fetus. One argument is that nearly all abortions allegedly take place in the first trimester of pregnancy, when a fetus cannot live independent of the mother. Its health is dependent on her health and cannot be regarded as a separate entity as it cannot exist outside her womb. Another argument is that the concept of "personhood" is different from the concept of human life. If a human's life occurs at their conception, then fertilized eggs used for in vitro fertilization are also human lives and those not implanted are routinely thrown away.

If this is not murder, then how is abortion murder? In an attempt to quell the idea that abortion is unnecessary because one can always place a child up for adoption, pro choice activists say that adoption is not an alternative to abortion. They say this because it remains the woman's choice whether or not to give her child up for adoption. Abortion is said to be "a safe medical procedure". Medical abortions have a very small risk of serious complications and don't affect a woman's health or future ability to become pregnant. Some of the most compelling arguments involved in the dilemma that is abortion gravitate around rape cases. In the case of rape, forcing a woman made pregnant by this violent act to go through the pain and anguish of conceiving the child of her attacker would cause...