Art Appreciation

Essay by chiller3208University, Bachelor'sA+, March 2005

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Compare and Contrast

The two works of art which I have chosen are; 1) Two Falcons and 2) Standing Hawk. Standing Hawk was produced during the late Dynastic period, 664 - 525 B.C.E. Two Falcons was produced during the Ptolemaic period, 305 - 30 B.C.E. Both figures are examples of the Egyptian God Horus. The name Horus comes from the Egyptian word Hor, which translates as 'face'. We find him worshipped as Mekhenti-irry which translates as 'He who has on his brow Two Eyes', the sun and moon representing his eyes. On nights when there is no moon we find him worshipped as Mekhenti-en-irty, 'He who on his brow has no eyes', in this form he was considered the god of the blind. (Egypt Art) The followers of Horus invaded Egypt in pre-dynastic history, at this time he was viewed as a victorious warlord. He became a part of the state religion and was associated with the sun god, Ra.

Horus was so important to the state religion that Pharaohs were considered his human form and even took on the name Horus. (Pantheon)

"Contextual Criticism - seeks the meaning by examining related information "outside" the artwork, such as the artist's life, his or her culture, social, and political conditions and philosophies, public and critical reactions to the work, and so on. These can all be researched and applied to the work in order to enhance perception and understanding. This approach tends to view the artwork as an artifact generated from contextual needs, conditions, and/or attitudes." (Sporre)

The first work of art, Standing Hawk was produced during the late Dynastic period, 664 - 525 B.C.E. The piece measures H: 7.7 W: 5.1 D: 2.2 cm, and is made of clay. Even though this piece was produced centuries ago...