Atomic Bomb

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 11th grade May 2001

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One of the most controversial discussions in American History is the justification of the United States bombing of Hiroshima. The United States decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was either "a diplomatic measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post-Second-World-War era or strictly a military measure designed to force Japan's unconditional surrender." The magnitude of destruction made it one of the greatest turning points in the history of the world. The famous words from President Truman that he said on August 6, 1945 marked the first public announcement of the greatest scientific achievement in U.S. history. His words were "Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb had more power than 20,000 tons of T.N.T. It had more than two thousands times the blast of the British Grand Slam, which is the largest bomb ever yet used in the history of warfare."

Secretary of War Henry Stimson in Doc. A reviews the most known reason for the use of the Atomic bomb--to bring a quick end of the War. In the middle of July of 1945, the intelligence section of the War General Staff had estimated that the Japanese military strength stood at five million men. The U.S. had very strategic plans to defeat them with November's "Operation OLYMPIC" attack on Kysushu. But the their Japanese culture made them such strong people. The Japanese would literally fight to the death! It was expected that at least 270,00. Americans would be killed. The statistics had shown that our losses were usually up to 50%! So this is one reason that the U.S. had a reason to bomb Hiroshima. The choice was to kill them with one major bomb or lose thousands more American...